Re: AMBER: QM/MM Heating

From: Steven Winfield <>
Date: Mon, 21 Jan 2008 13:48:22 +0000

Dear all,

I sent the email below last week but haven't had any response yet. I
wondered if anyone was looking into this.


Steven Winfield

On 14 Jan 2008, at 15:22, Steven Winfield wrote:

> Dear all,
> I'm having a look at AMBER 9's energy conservation when using its
> internal QM/MM code. I took a simple system of pure water (1222
> molecules in total
> in a periodic box of length 34.419A), with one water molecule
> flagged as the QM region (using the PM3 Hamiltonian), turned off
> SHAKE for this molecule and used a 0.2fs time step. The other
> molecules were TIP3P. The input restart file had been equilibrated
> at 300K using 100ps of NVT dynamics with the Langevin thermostat.
> The QM/MM simulation lasted 1ns in total.
> I saved the position and velocity data so that I could examine the
> temperature of the MM and QM regions afterwards. I have attached a
> bzipped tar with my input files, an output text file, and some
> temperature plots. Measuring the temperature of a single molecule is
> obviously very noisy, so I also calculated a weighted average of
> temperature values at each point with weights exponentially decaying
> with a time constant of 50ps.
> As can be seen from the plot ( and the text output
> file, I observed a steady temperature increase from 300K to around
> 500K, and the average temperature of the quantum water becomes quite
> large. I tried the same simulation but using a full Ewald sum
> ( and observed similar results.
> I ran a pure MM simulation with the same input files for comparison
> (with SHAKE on all molecules), because page 143 of the manual says
> that QM/MM with default parameters should "generally conserve energy
> about as well as one would find for a corresponding pure MM
> simulation". I increased the time step by a factor of 10 to 2.0fs,
> which I thought would be on the very edge of becoming unstable, but
> the temperature plot ( shows no signs of heating.
> So my questions are:
> What non-default parameters have I used, if any? I've had others
> look at my input files and the only comment I've had is that my
> density may be slightly low. I've kept my timestep small and my
> cutoffs large (9.0A)
> Is there a problem with AMBER's QM/MM code? I'm using a fully
> patched version.
> Any comments would be most helpful.
> Regards,
> Steven Winfield.
> P.S. The input restart file is called 'zeroed' because I wanted
> initially to see if energy was being successfully transferred from
> the rigid MM molecules to the non-rigid bonds of the QM molecule, so
> I manually zeroed the velocities of the QM molecule before starting.
> This shouldn't affect the results though.<heating.tar.bz2>

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Received on Wed Jan 23 2008 - 06:07:16 PST
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