RE: AMBER: atom type CM

From: Junmei Wang <>
Date: Tue, 20 Jan 2004 10:43:23 -0600

Hi, Kristina,
For the torsional angles, the later appeared parameters override the
previous ones and this is reason why the generic torsional angle parameters
are placed before the specific ones in the force field files. The basic
philosophy in our force field development is to apply generic torsional
angle parameters and the specific ones are introduced only if they can
significantly improve the performance. Take -CM-CT- as an example,
according to the bond-antibond interaction theory, X-CM-CT-X is V2 with a
force constant of 0.0. However, a specific torsional angle HC-CT-CM-CM
makes the force field reproduce the experimental energies much better. You
may also try to apply CT-CT-CM-CM as well. However, we thought HC-CT-CM-CM
is more "general" than CT-CT-CM-CM. In the general amber force field
(gaff), we considered much more training set molecules and applied very
limited number of specific torsional angle parameters. Therefore, gaff
should have a much better parameter transferability.


Dr. Junmei Wang
Chemistry & Biophysics
Encysive Pharmaceuticals
7000 Fannin, Houston TX 77030
Tel: 713-5786649
Homepage: Http://

             Kristina Furse
   > To
                                       amber <>, Junmei
             01/16/2004 03:56 Wang <>
             PM cc
                                       RE: AMBER: atom type CM

Unfortunately, I had already generated parameters of my own for
sp2 carbon before the CM epiphany... Now I want to make sure mine are
compatible with the existing force field, as well as being as transferrable
possible by making any reasonable adjustments based on the CM template.

Please forgive the detail--I've been thinking about parameters way too much
for way too long, as I'm sure you'll understand. I'm a little confused by
torsions involving CM. For torsions centered on -CM-CT-, there is a generic
X-CM-CT-X that is zeroed out, then a specific torsion for HC-CT-CM-CM with
terms, but nothing for other -CM-CT- torsions, CT-CT-CM-CM for instance.
such torsions not present in the alkenes you were interested in or was
there a
reason to zero something like the CT-CT-CM-CM torsion and have HC-CT-CM-CM
carry the load?

X -CM-CT-X 6 0.00 0.0 3. JCC,7,(1986),230
HC-CT-CM-CM 1 0.38 180.0 -3. Junmei et al,
HC-CT-CM-CM 1 1.15 0.0 1. Junmei et al,

X -CM-CM-X 4 26.60 180.0 2. intrpol.bsd.on
CT-CM-CM-CT 1 6.65 180.0 -2. Junmei et al,
CT-CM-CM-CT 1 1.90 180.0 1. Junmei et al,

At the same time there is a non-zero generic term for X-CM-CM-X, and
specific terms as well for CT-CM-CM-CT. I must admit I'm not familiar with
AMBER combines generic and specific torsions, but I've generally been told
to mix the two types of parameters for the same central atoms. In this
would the specific torsion override the generic for the torsion mentioned,
then the generic would be used for any other torsions involving the same
central atoms?


>===== Original Message From Junmei Wang <> =====
>When we developed parm99 modeling some small molecules, Prof. Kollman
>suggested us to apply 'CM' for non-conjugated sp2 carbon in alkenes. This
>is the reason that there are some parameters with "Junmei et al, 1999" in
>the comments. Therefore, you may assign the non-conjugated sp2 carbon in
>alkenes to "CM" if you use parm99.
>Dr. Junmei Wang
>Chemistry & Biophysics
>Encysive Pharmaceuticals
>7000 Fannin, Houston TX 77030
>Tel: 713-5786649
>Homepage: Http://
> Kristina Furse
> <kristina.e.furse
>> To
> Sent by: amber <>
> owner-amber.scrip cc
> Subject
> AMBER: atom type CM
> 01/16/2004 02:37
> PM
> Please respond to
>Hello all-
>I'm curious about atom type CM. It is defined as "sp2 C pyrimidines in
>pos. 5
>& 6" in parm99.dat, but seems to have many parameters that don't apply to
>standard nucleic acids. I've heard that there used to be an atom type for
>isolated (non-conjugated) double bonds. Is that CM? If so, would CM still
>appropriate for isolated double bonds or have the parameters been altered
>order to better suit pyrimidines?
>I see that many of the CM parameters have Junmei et al, 1999 in the
>Does this refer to a specific paper? I haven't been able to find one from
>with Junmei Wang in the author list that seems to fit the bill. Am I
>overlooking something painfully obvious?
>Thanks for any insight!
>Kristina E. Furse
>Department of Chemistry
>Center for Structural Biology
>Vanderbilt University
>The AMBER Mail Reflector
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Kristina E. Furse
Department of Chemistry
Center for Structural Biology
Vanderbilt University

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Received on Tue Jan 20 2004 - 16:53:01 PST
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